Gumplowicz, Ludwig

(1838-1909)
A Polish sociologist, Social Darwinist , and materialist , who argued that social evolution represented a struggle for economic resources resulting in the survival of the fittest. Because of ethnocentricism , this struggle is characterized by conflict between (in an evolutionary sequence) racial groups, nation-states, and classes. Little of his work has been translated into English (the notable exception being his Grundriss der Soziologie, 1885) and his writing is popularly discredited by its authoritarian and racist overtones, although theorists of global processes have recognized his contribution in drawing attention to large-scale social conflicts such as conquests and wars. See also military and militarism.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • GUMPLOWICZ, LUDWIG — (1838–1909), Austrian jurist and sociologist. He was born in Cracow, in Austrian Galicia (now Poland), and studied law at the University of Vienna. An ardent Polish patriot, he participated in the Polish insurrection against Russia in 1863, and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gumplowicz, Ludwig — ▪ Austrian scholar Polish Ludwik Gumplowicz born March 9, 1838, Kraków, Republic of Kraków [now in Poland] died Aug. 19/20, 1909, Graz, Austria       sociologist and legal philosopher who was known for his disbelief in the permanence of social… …   Universalium

  • Gumplowicz, Ludwig — (1838 1909)    Austrian sociologist. He was born in Krakow. He taught at the University of Graz from 1862. He converted to Christianity, but maintained an interest in Jewish affairs. He exercised an important influence on the development of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ludwig Gumplowicz — (auch: Ludwig Gumplowitsch; polnisch Ludwik Gumplowicz; * 9. März 1838 in der Republik Krakau (heute Polen); † 19. August 1909 in Graz, Österreich) war Jurist und Professor für Staats und Verwaltungsrec …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gumplowicz — Ludwig Gumplowicz (auch: Ludwig Gumplowitsch; polnisch Ludwik Gumplowicz; * 9. März 1838 in der Republik Krakau (heute Polen); † 19. August 1909 in Graz, Österreich) war Jurist und Professor für Staats und Verwaltungsrecht an der Universität Graz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ludwig Gumplovicz — Ludwig Gumplowicz (auch: Ludwig Gumplowitsch; polnisch Ludwik Gumplowicz; * 9. März 1838 in der Republik Krakau (heute Polen); † 19. August 1909 in Graz, Österreich) war Jurist und Professor für Staats und Verwaltungsrecht an der Universität Graz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ludwig Gumplowicz — Ludwig Gumplowicz, born March 9 1838 in Kraków, then a republic, now part of Poland, died August 19 1909 in Graz, Austria, was one of the founders of European sociology. He was also a jurist and political scientist who taught constitutional and… …   Wikipedia

  • GUMPLOWICZ (L.) — GUMPLOWICZ LUDWIG (1838 1909) Né à Cracovie dans une famille juive de la classe moyenne, Ludwig Gumplowicz participe au soulèvement de la Pologne (1863). Après des études à l’université de Vienne où il passe son doctorat de philosophie de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ludwig Gumplowicz — Ludwig Gumplowicz. Ludwig Gumplowicz (Cracovia, 9 de marzo de 1838 Graz, 20 de agosto de 1909) fue un jurista, politólogo y sociólogo polaco. Nacido dentro de una familia judía, en la antigua República de Cracovia, fue uno …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gumplowicz —   [ gʊmplovitʃ], Ludwig, österreichischer Soziologe und Staatswissenschaftler, * Krakau 9. 3. 1838, ✝ (Selbstmord) Graz 19. 8. 1909; war Professor für Verwaltungslehre in Graz. Gumplowicz, ein einflussreicher Vertreter des Sozialdarwinismus,… …   Universal-Lexikon

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